With Bitcoin – by far the dominant crypto – now worth a collective US$1 trillion, massive punts are being made on the currency by the likes of Blackrock, the world’s biggest fund manager.
Having fetched US$380 apiece five years ago, Bitcoin last week hit the US$57,000 (A$74,000) level before retreating below US$50,000. But the normally sober investment bankers at JP Morgan and Citi reckon that’s just the start, with price targets of US$146,000 and US$150,000 respectively.
Everyday Australians are becoming convinced as well: according to a survey of 1,000 Australians carried out by the comparison house Finder, 25% intend to own cryptocurrency by the end of 2021 (unsurprisingly, this segment is heavily weighted to Millennials).
Many earlier ASX crypto listings ahead of their time
The obvious path to ownership is to buy the digital coins (or a fraction thereof) directly, from a proliferating choice of cryptocurrency exchanges.
What about listed ASX exposures? A slew of crypto plays bobbed up in 2017 and 2018, offering exposure to crypto exchanges, Bitcoin generation (‘mining’) and blockchain, or the underlying ‘distributed ledger’ technology that underpins cryptos.
Most were ahead of their time, to put it politely.
Budding crypto exchange operator Byte Power Group de-listed last year, while Ookami (ASX: OOK) has been in voluntary suspension since April 2019 and has all but abandoned its quest to develop an “ecosystem of advanced tech solutions”.
Fintech Change Financial (ASX: CCA) owns a 33% stake in IvyKoin, a blockchain based cryptocurrency for business transactions. In 2018 the company did not exercise its option to acquire the remaining two-thirds of the enterprise.
Apart from its new focus in the buy now pay later sector, the Singapore-based venture capitalist Fatfish Group (ASX: FFG) is also on trend with investments in Bitcoin ‘miners’ and crypto exchanges.
The only pure play crypto stock on ASX
We believe there’s only one pure-play ASX crypto exposure, DigitalX (ASX: DCC). The company runs two open-ended Bitcoin funds for wholesale investors, but plans to tweak their structures to attract wider investor cohorts such as the $650 billion self-managed super fund sector.
As of the end of December, DigitalX’s funds under management had grown to $17.8 million.
Digital X also consults with enterprises to design and develop blockchain applications. While the consulting fees come in handy, executive director Leigh Travers admits the arm is more of a “Trojan Horse” to check out the potential market for company-built blockchain products.
Off its own bat, DigitalX is already commercialising Drawbridge, which enables public companies to automate director share trade disclosures and approvals.
Via a pilot program, the company is getting feedback from listed companies including Vulcan Energy and Little Green Pharma.
DigitalX is a backer of Bullion Asset Management (BAM), a Singapore tech minnow focused on “tokenising” gold bullion to avoid the hassle of owning the physical stuff.
Theta Gold Mines (ASX: TGM) has also invested $700,000 for a 5% BAM stake and has the option of investing up to a 50% stake in BAM’s gold mines.
BAM is also backed by Jaggards, which may be Australia’s oldest bullion and rare coin merchant but can’t be accused of not jiving with the times.
Mr Travers says Australia has been left behind with crypto adoption, for the happy reason that we haven’t had the same problem with our payments system (in the US, it can be difficult and costly to send money domestically).
“We have also had a range-bound currency, while other investors have seen their currency depreciate and are more incentivised to look for liquid stores of value.”
While attitudes are a changing, DigitalX still has some way to go, having reported December quarter receipts of $150,000 and operating outflows of $428,000.
DigitalX shares have risen from $0.03 over the last 12 months to a recent high of $0.12, with collateral support from the pending US$50 billion Nasdaq listing of Coinbase, the world’s biggest crypto exchange.
DigitalX’s still humble $65 million market cap is supported by liquid assets of $20.8 million, including $8.1 million of Bitcoin and $3.5 million of old-fashioned Aussie dollars.
Mr Travers noted that the success of the New York Stock Exchange listed Grayscale, which now has US$30 billion of crypto under management.
“We have seen the tremendous growth in international markets, especially with the Grayscale fund,” he said. “In their first year they got to $20 million – a similar level to us.”
Apart from the wee size variance, a key difference between DigitalX and Grayscale is that the latter is a closed end fund, which means that unit prices can vary markedly from the underlying value of the assets.
DigitalX’s fund members always buy and sell at net asset value (the funds charge a base fee of 1.65%, compared with Grayscale’s 2%).
Bitcoin exchange traded funds on the rise
Elsewhere, Bitcoin exchange traded funds (ETFs) are fast emerging.
In a North American first, Canada’s Purpose Investments has won Canadian approval for their Purpose Bitcoin ETF, to be launched on the Toronto exchange (the TSX).
Bloomberg reported that proponents of at least four other funds have filed for Canadian approval, including Evolve Funds, Horizons ETFs, Accelerate Financial and Arxnovum Investments.
In the US, VanEck Associates Corp and Bitwise Asset Management have pending ETF filings. To date, US regulators have frowned on crypto ETFs, but this is expected to change under US President Joe Biden’s administration.
Other ETFs track the Bitcoin futures price, but investors pay a premium for the privilege.
On a cautionary note, for every crypto enthusiast, there’s still an ardent sceptic – and investing demigod Warren Buffett isn’t impressed.
It’s certainly disconcerting when a crypto launched as a joke (Dogecoin) now has an issued value of US$9 billion. Investors didn’t get that joke, but they laughed all the way to the (virtual) bank anyway.
ASX adopting blockchain technology
Honourable mention goes to the ASX itself, which is replacing its ageing CHESS settlement system with a blockchain-based platform.
Let’s hope the IT geeks do a better job with that one than the bourse’s ‘improved’ website.